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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

had the right to keep several million peoples, citizens of weaker neighbours,
in concentration camps : and that ' even- demand of the stronger nation
was justified by its force,' But from 1944 a victorious Russia was no
longer concerned with covering her aggressive activities by any slogans;
she left that to the journalists of those countries \vhcse governments,
pressing Poland to the wall, were demanding her submission to the Soviet
Union.
Russian propaganda in Britain and the U.S.A. operated through the
medium of the already existing Communist Parties,, their ovm agency
services and the ' foreign correspondents * in Moscow, The role played
by the latter people was unique in journalism. Since Russian censorship
was the most stringent in the world, the correspondent had only two
alternatives, either to cable what Moscow handed him, or to be silent.
It was through such a medium that the most abusive information con-
cerning the Polish affairs came out of Russia.
The Communist Party was but one of the tools of Soviet propaganda
within Allied countries, alongside it were harnessed other forces
organising sympathy for the Soviet policy cf annexation, and producing
literature en masse about Soviet Russia, written by people vho had never
been to that country, who had no knowledge of Russia, and whose
acquaintance with the Rus'D-Polish problem had begun only from the
moment when they were supplied with material from Soviet sources.
These benevolent writers boldly backing every theme connected with
Moscow demands, contributed a great deal towards obscuring and
falisfying the true picture of the action of the Kremlin.
The part played in their respective countries by the Communist Parties
in this pro-Soviet propaganda did not change one iota with the dissolving
of the Comintern. The case of the British Communist Party was par-
ticularly illustrative, showing as it did how a relatively small group (of less
than 16,000 members at the outbreak of war, and 41,000 in 1943), having
at its disposal enormous funds from an unknown source, was able to
represent a foreign interest to such an extent,
The Russo-German Treaty of August 23^ 1939, had aroused great
confusion among the circles of the American and European Communist
Parties. At first, some of them had decided to make no mention of the
Agreement. At length, after a few days, the French Communist paper
Humanite wrote : " Hitler had to bow before the might of the Soviet
Union ..." and that *c it is imperative to hasten the signing of the Franco-
Anglo-Soviet military agreement . . . " The New York Daily Worker
naively belied itself with: ** If Germany should invade Poland, the
U.S.S.R. will undoubtedly adhere to her policy of aiding any nation whose
independence is jeopardised by an aggression." The Communist Parties
were thus merely repeating the slogans contained in the latest speeches
of Stalin and Moiotov, The Communist Party of Great Britain went
163